Eco-friendly flocculants of alginic acid, NaHCO3 and CaCl2.2H2O with advantages of strong gelation characteristics were prepared for supporting the removal of phosphate in synthetic wastewater using CaO and Ca(OH)2 as precipitants. The effects of weight ratios of each component in flocculants, dosage of flocculants and initial phosphate concentration were investigated through batch of experiments. The results showed excellent flocculation performance with the weight ratio of alginic acid:NaHCO3 and CaCl2.2H2O at 1:0.3:0.02 and the dosage of flocculants at 0.0050 g/25 mL of phosphate solution in the range of initial phosphate concentration from 50 to 1000 ppm. Comparing to the sample without flocculants, the phosphate removal efficiency using CaO and Ca(OH)2 with the addition of flocculants increased from 19 and 20% to 97% at the initial phosphate concentration of 50 ppm, respectively by filtration of filter paper 2.7 μm.
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