The increasing of road traffic accidents is threatening the well-being of road users worldwide and a high number of people died or become disabled. Several studies have shown that risky riding is prevalent among motorcyclists, consisting of traditional and new commercial ones, especially in the middle-income–countries (MICs) and low–income–countries (LICs). Griffin and Neal’s  safety climate model was used to point out the link between safety climate and safety knowledge and safety compliance; the effect of safety knowledge on safety compliance is also considered as the result of this research. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze these relationships among latent constructs. Data was collected from 433 base-app motorcyclists. The results show that the safety knowledge of motorcyclists plays a mediate role in safety compliance and safety climate. The results are useful for developing measures that aim to reduce risky riding behaviors among food delivery riders.
Tài liệu tham khảo
 Neal, M. A. Griffin, and P. M. Hart, "The impact of organizational climate on safety climate and individual behavior”, Safety Science, vol. 34 (1-3), pp. 99-109, 2000.
 Touahmia, "Identification of risk factors influencing road traffic accidents", Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8 (1), pp. 2417-2421, 2018.
 WHO, "Global status report on road safety 2018", Global report, 2018.
 Chu, H. Liu, and A. Salvo, "Air pollution as a determinant of food delivery and related plastic waste”, Nature Human Behaviour, vol. 5 (2), pp. 212-220, 2021.
 B. T. Nguyen, G.-H. Lin, and T.-T. Dang, "Fuzzy multi-criteria decision-making approach for online food delivery (OFD) companies evaluation and selection: A case study in Vietnam”, Processes, vol. 9 (8), p. 1274, 2021.
 L. I. Grisci, P. D. Scalco, and M. S. Janovik, "Modes of working and being of motoboys: contemporary space-time experience”, Psicologia: ciência e profissão, vol. 27 (3), pp. 446-461, 2007.
 W. da Silva, S. M. d. Andrade, D. F. P. d. P. Soares, T. A. d. F. Mathias, T. Matsuo, and R. K. T. de Souza, "Factors associated with road accidents among Brazilian motorcycle couriers”, The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012(4). Article ID 605480, 2012, https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/605480
 H. Byun, B. Y. Jeong, and M. H. Park, "Characteristics of motorcycle crashes of food delivery workers”, Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, vol. 36 (2), pp. 157-168, 2017.
 Zheng, Y. Ma, L. Guo, J. Cheng, and Y. Zhang, "Crash involvement and risky riding behaviors among delivery riders in China: the role of working conditions”, Transportation Research Record, vol. 2673 (4), pp. 1011-1022, 2019.
 H. Byun, M. H. Park, and B. Y. Jeong, "Effects of age and violations on occupational accidents among motorcyclists performing food delivery", Work, vol. 65 (1), pp. 53-61, 2020.
 Papakostopoulos and D. Nathanael, "The complex interrelationship of work-related factors underlying risky driving behavior of food delivery riders in Athens, Greece”, Safety and Health at Work, vol. 12 (2), pp. 147-153, 2021.
 Q. Nguyen-Phuoc, L. N. T. Nguyen, D. N. Su, M. H. Nguyen, and O. Oviedo-Trespalacios, "Deadly meals: The influence of personal and job factors on burnout and risky riding behaviours of food delivery motorcyclists", Safety Science, vol. 159, pp. 106007, 2023.
 Q. Nguyen-Phuoc, N. A. N. Nguyen, M. H. Nguyen, L. N. T. Nguyen and O. Oviedo-Trespalacios, "Factors influencing road safety compliance among food delivery riders: An extension of the job demands-resources (JD-R) model", Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, vol. 166, pp. 541-556, 2022.
 H. Huang, P. Y. Chen, and J. W. Grosch, "Safety climate: New developments in conceptualization, theory, and research”, Accident Analysis & Prevention, vol. 42, pp. 1421-1422, 2010.
 M. DeJoy, B. S. Schaffer, M. G. Wilson, R. J. Vandenberg, and M. M. Butts, "Creating safer workplaces: assessing the determinants and role of safety climate”, Journal of Safety Research, vol. 35 (1), pp. 81-90, 2004.
 Clarke and K. Ward, "The role of leader influence tactics and safety climate in engaging employees' safety participation”, Risk analysis, vol. 26 (5), pp. 1175-1185, 2006.
 Braunger, C. Korunka, B. Kubicek, H. Frank, and M. Lueger, "The perspective of safety engineers on safety climate”, Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries, vol. 25 (2), pp. 198-210, 2015.
 Clarke, "The relationship between safety climate and safety performance: a meta-analytic review”, Journal of occupational health psychology, vol. 11 (4), p. 315, 2006.
 Vinodkumar and M. Bhasi, "Safety management practices and safety behaviour: Assessing the mediating role of safety knowledge and motivation”, Accident Analysis & Prevention, vol. 42 (6), pp. 2082-2093, 2010.
 Keffane, "Communication's role in safety management and performance of the road safety practices”, Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 9 (2), pp 229-244, 2015.
 Pilbeam, N. Doherty, R. Davidson, and D. Denyer, "Safety leadership practices for organizational safety compliance: Developing a research agenda from a review of the literature”, Safety Science, vol. 86, pp. 110-121, 2016.
 M. Zin and F. Ismail, "Employers’ behavioural safety compliance factors toward occupational, safety and health improvement in the construction industry”, Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 36, pp. 742-751, 2012.
 Kapp, "The influence of supervisor leadership practices and perceived group safety climate on employee safety performance”, Safety Science, vol. 50 (4), pp. 1119-1124, 2012.
 Ricci, C. Panari, and A. Pelosi, "Safety compliance in a sample of Italian mechanical companies: The role of knowledge and safety climate”, European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education, vol. 12 (3), pp. 281-294, 2022.
 U. Okoye, J. U. Ezeokonkwo, and F. O. Ezeokoli, "Building construction workers’ health and safety knowledge and compliance on site”, Journal of Safety Engineering, vol. 5 (1), pp. 17-26, 2016.
 J. Gressgård, "Knowledge management and safety compliance in a high-risk distributed organizational system”, Safety and Health at Work, vol. 5 (2), pp. 53-59, 2014.
 Ø. Dahl, "Safety compliance in a highly regulated environment: A case study of workers’ knowledge of rules and procedures within the petroleum industry”, Safety Science, 60, pp. 185-195, 2013.
 Tanner, B. McIntosh, D. Widdowson, and M. Tillotson, "The water Utility Adoption Model (wUAM): Understanding influences of organisational and procedural innovation in a UK water utility”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 171, pp. S86-S96, 2018.
 F. Hair, G. T. M. Hult, C. M. Ringle, and M. Sarstedt, A primer on partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). Sage publications, 2021.
 Fornell and D. F. Larcker, "Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error: Algebra and statistics”, ed: Sage Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA, 1981.
 M. Byrne, Structural equation modeling with EQS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Routledge, 2013.
 Zhao, J. G. Lynch Jr, and Q. Chen, "Reconsidering Baron and Kenny: Myths and truths about mediation analysis”, Journal of Consumer Research, vol. 37 (2), pp. 197-206, 2010.
 De Boeck, A. Mortier, L. Jacxsens, L. Dequidt, and P. Vlerick, "Towards an extended food safety culture model: Studying the moderating role of burnout and jobstress, the mediating role of food safety knowledge and motivation in the relation between food safety climate and food safety behavior”, Trends in Food Science & Technology, vol. 62, pp. 202-214, 2017.